Frequently Asked Questions
Have a question regarding spray foam insulation and what it can do for your property? Check out our list of frequently asked questions - we might just have the answer you need!
If you can't find the answer you're looking for below, don't hesitate to contact our team on 0800 690 6338.
Our systems are spray-applied, two-component products that include a hardener (A-Side Component) and a resin (B-Side Component). These are not pre-formed, friction-fit batts or boardstock insulations. It is also not a wet application, as no water is used. During application, there is a chain reaction between the two components that create a bond to the substrate as it reacts and expands. The spray foam dries, cures and hardens within 3-5 seconds. This product should always be installed by a trained applicator, such as ourselves.
Spray-applied polyurethane foam systems require specific application equipment, including pumps, proportioners and spray guns. BASF is pleased to advise on the best equipment for processing their insulation systems.
We will calculate the U-value of any structure that uses our spray foam insulation. All we need is the thickness of each layer through the structure and your target U-value.
Polyurethane foams are plural-component products engineered on the molecular level for a specific purpose and application. Externally applied roofing foams tend to offer higher compressive strengths and smoother surfatimber-framedams for timber-framed walls and between rafter roof insulation, tend to offer faster reaction rates, higher yield, and superior insulation values. Our polyurethane technologies include closed and open cell foams.
There are three major differences. Firstly, BASF uses the versatility of chemistry to offer a closed-cell content of greater than 90 per cent for all of its formulations, and open-cell foams commonly used as insulation systems have approximately 90 per cent open-cell content. Secondly, closed cell content offers a thermal conductivity of between 0.028 W/mK and 0.025 W/mK, depending on the thickness applied. Open cell offers 0.035 W/mK. Thirdly, closed cell foam is virtually impermeable to air, while open cell foam allows far more air and vapour into the building interior.
We do not recommend open cell foams for treatment of condensation to any substrate that is impermeable. This includes profiled steel roof and wall cladding and non-breathable roofing felts. The poor vapour resistivity of open cell foams can lead to interstitial condensation and subsequent waterlogging of the insulation.
A closed-cell, spray-applied polyurethane foam system that combines superior insulation values and near-zero air permeability in a single application to improve building durability, energy efficiency and occupant comfort, health and safety.
Our polyurethane foam roof and wall systems have been tested as an air barrier at an application of 50mm thickness. Once applied, our roof and wall insulation are fully-adhered and do not allow air to flow around, behind or through the system. Most open-cell foams have not been tested and therefore do not qualify as air barrier systems. Open-cell foam products require an application of up to 125mm to control air leakage.
Spray-applied closed-cell polyurethane foam is the only insulation material that adds structural integrity throughout the wall system. Testing shows that spray-applied polyurethane foam insulation between wood- and steel-stud wall panels increases rack and shear strength two to three times compared with standard timber frame components with glass fibre insulation when sprayed onto gypsum wallboard, and increases racking strength when sprayed onto oriented strand board (OSB).
Closed cell foam injected into a cavity, has enough strength to bond two leaves of a masonry wall together, in situations where the existing wall ties have failed.
Mould requires three things to grow: moisture, warm temperatures and a food source. Polyurethane foam insulation has no nutritional value and is not considered a food source for mould. The use of polyurethane as insulation, therefore, eliminates surface condensation and reduces the potential to accumulate moisture. It also eliminates air movement within the wall cavity. Other insulations are less successful at controlling air infiltration and providing inadequate insulation to eliminate surface condensation, thus increasing the possibility of mould.
Our polyurethane spray foam technologies are formaldehyde-free formulas that emit no volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and use zero ozone depleting blowing agent technology. Plastic building products, including polyurethane foam, use less energy on all accounts compared with alternative products during production. Spray-applied polyurethane foam insulation saved 3.4 trillion BTUs in manufacturing energy over glass fibre in 1990. Our systems also increase building energy efficiency and reduce waste.
Yes. Our systems do not emit Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Off-gassing from the product has been measured at less than 1.25µg/m³, way below the CertiPUR standard limit.
Polyurethane insulation meets Class 1 surface spread of flame rating when tested to BS 476: Part 7. Once installed, if 30-minute fire resistance is required, it must be covered by plasterboard or a similar thermal barrier. A class 0 fire rating can also be achieved by applying WALLTITE® FB 100 intumescent coating to the foam.